Construction Site Management – Introduction

The construction site is usually a hive of activity, and this increases with increase in the magnitude of construction being undertaken. Different sites call for different management styles as informed by issues like;

· Size of site: An expanse site will need more elaborate management procedures. Sites like for road construction are concerned with remote works, mostly in multiples. This will definitely require more management work than a single building site.

· Activities on site: The more the activities on a particular site, the more the management task at hand.

· Location of site: Generally, sites in busy areas like town centers offer more complicated management requirements than lone sites.

Site management is usually a collective responsibility between the client’s representative and the various contractors. The ultimate responsibility is however left to the main contractor. There is usually an allowance in the pricing of the project, usually in the preliminaries section of the bills of quantities. The clerk of works (COW) is usually the contractor’s man in charge of site activities in the case of building projects. This is made possible by the assistance of other. These include:

· Store keeper: The store is usually a very sensitive subject in any construction site. The security of the items in the store is of utmost importance. Records for deliveries as well as dispatches need to be keenly watched. How the items are stored is also a very important item to take care of.

· Gate man: This is concerned with the overall security at the gate, for things that come in or go out of the site. They also take account of all persons coming in and out of the site.

· Statutory workers: These are statute regulators and they help to enforce requirements on site, for example sanitation.

The following are the main points of consideration that a site manager is charged with.

· Site administration

· Material storage

· Plant, tools and equipment storage

· Accessibility

· Security of works, materials, plant and equipment

· Waste management

· Pollution control

· Safety on site

· Water

· Power

· Workers Welfare

These are all requirements for a site to run smoothly as well as to ensure a wholesome completion of the works. Site planning is usually the first and most crucial step as far as site management is concerned. Understanding where to place what facility on site is the first step towards proper site management. It is of course important to relate these facilities with the main construction work.

How a Clean Construction Site Can Enhance Construction Safety

Ensuring that a construction site stays clean means that you are ensuring the safety of everyone that enters the construction area, as well as everyone that works on the site. Any debris that is left lying around could be a potential threat to someone’s safety and thus it is important that it should be cleared away as soon as possible. If the construction works with toxic materials and chemicals it is crucial that they should be disposed of properly. Not only would it be ethically wrong not to do it, but in many cases it could be illegal. If they are not disposed of properly they will become a threat to others and the environment.

A construction site that is not clean and properly organized inhibits productivity. With random debris scattered around, workers will become confused and start searching for tools and materials in the wrong places. If a disorganised construction site causes injury to one of the workers it impacts productivity even more since that worker will no longer be a part of the workforce.

A disorganised construction zone will also have a negative impact on your reputation. Debris and other materials lying around, causing injury to others and affecting your productivity will all create the image of inefficiency and laziness. If you’re able to show others that you can maintain an organized workplace and that you care about the safety of others and the environment, they will be more likely to put their trust in you and find your work credible.

How to properly clean up construction zones

There are many companies that offer construction site cleanup, but if you would like to do it yourself here are a few basic tips:

  1. Dust will build up everywhere during construction. Clean up dust using the following methods:
    • It is important to wear masks during construction to avoid the dust entering your lungs.
    • If the construction took place in a house, make sure to clean any air filters such as your home’s heating and air conditioning as these filters will have trapped dust.
    • Remove dust on walls by using a small wet towel and wrapping it around the base of the broom. Swipe it across the walls. Rinse the cloth frequently to prevent dust from staying behind.
    • Vacuum any carpets and furniture.
  2. Move large debris using trash cans or a larger container such as a dumpster if necessary. Many companies rent dumpsters to construction sites so finding one should be easy.
  3. Check all the nooks and crannies to make sure no dust or other residue stays behind.
  4. Check to make sure that there isn’t any extra paint that needs to be removed.
  5. If the construction area has interior masonry, make sure it is cleaned properly.
  6. Clean any and all appliances that are present on the construction site.
  7. Dispose of all trash and do a final check of the construction site to make sure it is properly cleaned.

6 Benefits of Maintaining a Clean Construction Site

During the construction process, lots of debris and materials can be found all over the place, and proper construction cleanup is essential in order to successfully complete the job. Without the help of a construction site cleanup crew it can be close to impossible to fully clean up all of the debris, especially if you want the job to be done quickly and in a professional manner. Here are six worthwhile benefits of using professional construction cleanup practices:

Eliminate Trash, Debris, and Dust

Dust, debris and trash can accumulate quite a lot during the construction process, and this is something that’s to be expected, because construction workers are more focused to get the job done rather than maintaining a clean environment. Once the construction job is completed, it’s crucial to finalize with a construction cleanup team as this will help you a lot when it comes to removing all the dirt and pollution from the building site.

Impress Potential Customers

It’s always important to have a clean construction site if you want to impress potential customers & investors, or establish a quality brand. A clean place will always entice people to purchase, and that is exactly why using construction site cleanup will help you impress the customers and generate more sales a lot faster than you would expect.

Low Costs

Instead of hiring people specifically to do this, something that might be on the expensive side, you can just go ahead and get help from a professional team specialized in construction site cleanup. The results are much better and the costs are lower, because these professionals will perform the job quickly and in a flawless manner.

Professional Equipment

The cleanup for construction zones needs to be done with the proper equipment, especially when there are potential hazards involved, and that’s why it’s important to do some research ahead of time and find a team specialized in this type of service.

Reduces the Risk of Injury or Receiving Fines

Performing construction site cleanup is actually a great way to avoid numerous fines, and at the same time a clean construction site is less prone to accidents, which tend to happen quite a lot sometimes. Thanks to construction site cleanup, these issues can go away, and instead you will be able to provide a safer working condition for your employees.

Reduces Pollution

Construction sites also tend to store harmful contaminants hidden in debris that can flow out to the sewer systems and taint the drinking water. For this reason, along with hefty fines for non-compliance, it’s important to reduce the pollution by any means necessary, keeping the environment clean for everyone.

In conclusion, taking the proper precautionary steps is not only necessary, it’s imperative to integrate as it helps both construction workers stay safe and business owners maintain CWA compliance while avoiding potential lawsuits.

Simple Ways to Improve Construction Site Safety

Construction site safety is an all-important facet of the construction industry. It is important to ensure the safety of the workers and staff on the construction team, whether it is building a new structure or demolishing an old one. It is crucial that they are protected from hazardous and toxic wastes. Construction site safety also involves taking steps to prevent accidents, injuries, and falls.

Although construction sites can be dangerous places, and statistics certainly prove that, taking meticulous and disciplined steps to ensure safety can prevent a lot of problems that are common now.

Even if a construction worker is not exposed directly to any hazardous waste, he could be exposed to it indirectly as part of his job. Any danger to the worker would depend on the duration and extent of the exposure to the hazardous material.

The kinds of dangers and illnesses and injuries that workers are exposed to on construction sites would differ from industry to industry. For example, brick masons could be prone to developing cement dermatitis and postural changes due to the heavy loads they carry (as do stonemasons).

Electricians could be exposed to solder fumes which contain heavy metals or asbestos dust. Insulation workers could be exposed to asbestos and other synthetic fibers that are harmful. Roofers can be exposed to roofing tar and excess heat.

There are different hazards for which construction site safety must be taken seriously. There are chemical hazards and physical hazards. Chemical hazards occur due to inhalation of vapors, gases, fumes, etc. Examples of this are bronchitis, asbestosis, silicosis, etc. It can also occur when chemicals get into contact with the skin, as in contact dermatitis and skin allergies. Those exposed to liquids and solvents could get neurological disorders. This is especially common among painters. Physical hazards could be due to heavy loads, noise, extreme cold or heat or barometric pressures. There can also be exposure to UV rays and radiation from welding. Strains, sprains, musculoskeletal disorders, etc., are common physical side effects. Falls, injuries and accidents are also common in construction sites.

In summation, here are a number of ways in which safety can be enhanced in construction sites, including the following:

  • Wearing well-designed protective clothing.
  • Wearing suitable footwear that can protect against unstable footing or slips.
  • Safe scaffolding.
  • Proper ventilation in sites. These would have to be mobile so that they could be taken anywhere, such as dust collectors mounted on trucks with their own power source, filters and fans. Measures such as these can reduce the exposure to toxic fumes and other hazardous gases.
  • Using material that absorbs sounds or reflects it will help to prevent noise-induced hearing damage.
  • Exposure to extremes of heat can be avoided by working at night, taking frequent breaks, drinking plenty of water, wearing sunscreen and sun-protective clothing, etc.
  • Emergency drills, first aid provision, and standby medical teams on site can help to provide immediate aid in the event of an accident and potentially reduce fatalities.

Four Reasons It Pays to Maintain a Clean Construction Site

When planning any construction project, it is important to plan the set up, completion of the project and cleanup of the site. When looking at cleaning up a construction zone it is important to address the final cleanup as well as the ongoing maintenance and cleanup needs that will be faced daily. There are several benefits of ongoing and effective construction site cleanup which include: added safety onsite, greater productivity, a better reputation in your community and better cost savings per project.

Safety

An active construction yard is full of various dangers inherent to the nature of the work with scaffolds, ladders, electricity and heavy equipment. These factors combined with debris onsite which is not properly put away or disposed of makes an already dangerous location more so. Materials not put away or disposed of collecting around the feet of workers creates an added risk for tripping and when carrying materials from place to place, the view of the ground can be obstructed, making the importance of this practice critical.

Productivity

Just as mother always said, “A place for everything and everything in its place,” such is the guideline on an active construction site. Best case scenario is that workers spend time looking for materials which were not put in their proper place, wasting man hours. Worst case scenario in this situation is that the area becomes unsafe or causes an accident, spill, or casualty to a passerby.

Reputation

Word of mouth is critical in any business and construction is no exception. Cleanup of a site – both during the active phase as well as at completion is one area in which the general public can see a measurable gauge by which to admire or disparage a construction company. With proper construction site cleanup practices, the public gains a favorable opinion of your company and can recommend your services to others.

Cost savings

When employees are safe and productive, the time needed to complete a project is decreased. Having a constant awareness of keeping your construction site cleaned up can lead to more profits for your company.

No matter which of the above are the most important to you, or is the most needed for your company, there are reasons to continuously keep your active construction sites cleaned up and free from debris and unwanted materials. This keeps your construction zone running more smoothly and effectively while protecting your workers, the neighbors to the site and the environment as a whole.